Tag Archives: science

Additional Material Added to the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Digital Collection at NCDC!

James McGill Math Exercises Book, 1831. (call no. PC.1850)

James McGill Math Exercises Book, 1831. (call no. PC.1850)

To create the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Digital Collection, part of North Carolina Digital Collections, we have drawn material from over 50 records series and collections held by the State Archives of North Carolina including: State Agency Records, Private Collections, Photograph Collections, Organization Records, General Assembly Records, and Map Collections. The second of three installments of the STEM Digital Collection is now available, and includes items from the following private records collections:

Whitman Price patent for

Whitman Price patent for “Improvement in Cultivator,” June 6, 1854. (call no. PC.1821)

  • Alonzo T. Mial (1823-1897) Papers (PC.132)
  • Benjamin Wesley Kilgore Papers (PC.245)
  • Bensen Aircraft Corporation Papers (PC.1931)
  • Bonsack Machine Company Papers (PC.1598)
  • Caleb D. Bradham Papers (PC.1745)
  • Charles Pattison Bolles (1823-1909) Papers (PC.44)
  • Charlotte Hilton Green Papers (PC.1661)
  • D. J. Harrill Collection (PC.1202)
  • David Paton (1802-1882) Papers (PC.158)
  • Dr. Thomas Fanning Wood (d. 1892) Papers (PC.1346)
  • Dr. William Thornton Collection (PC.2054)
  • Fessenden, Reginald A., Papers (PC.1140)
  • Francis Lister Hawks (1798-1866) Papers (PC.574)
  • George Alton Stewart Collection (PC.1752.1-2)

    Port of Wilmington Quarantine Station report, July 23, 1892. (call no. PC.1346.3)

    Port of Wilmington Quarantine Station report, July 23, 1892. (call no. PC.1346.3)

  • George Holland Collection (PC.1194)
  • Gilbert S. Waters Scrapbook (PC.1173)
  • Henry King Burgwyn, Sr., Diaries (PC.515)
  • Herbert Hutchinson Brimley (1861-1946) Papers (PC.203)
  • Ivanhoe Manufacturing Company Papers (PC.230)
  • J. M. Pickel (1850-1921) Collection (PC.1434)
  • James McGill Manuscript (PC.1850)
  • Lafayette Holt Papers (PC.1992)
  • Paul M. Gross Papers (PC.1927)
  • Richard M. Eames Papers (PC.187)
  • Robert C. Ruiz Papers (PC.2014)
  • Theodore Dreier and Barbara Loines Dreier Black Mountain College Collection (PC.1956)
  • Thomas Yancey Milburn (1892-1977) Papers (PC.1540)
  • Union Copper Mines Company Papers (PC.1600)
  • Weldon N. Edwards (1788-1873) Papers (PC.43)
  • Whitman Price Papers (PC.1821.1 Oversize)
Robert Ruiz correspondence from 8063rd M.A.S.H., Korea, April 29, 1952. (call no. PC.2014.1)

Robert Ruiz correspondence from 8063rd M.A.S.H., Korea, April 29, 1952. (call no. PC.2014.1)

To search for additional STEM resources at the State Archives of North Carolina, visit our MARS online catalog.

To learn more about Science, Technology, and Innovation in North Carolina, check out this list of articles that can be found at NCpedia.

To learn more about Scientists and Inventors in North Carolina, check out this list of biographies that can be found at NCpedia.

Transatlantic radio power house and sending station at Machrihanish, Scotland, 1906. (call no. PC.1140.13)

Transatlantic radio power house and sending station at Machrihanish, Scotland, 1906. (call no. PC.1140.13)

Bird Sanctuaries of the South, Chapter I, by Charlotte Hilton Green. (PC.1661.8)

Bird Sanctuaries of the South, Chapter I, by Charlotte Hilton Green. (PC.1661.8)

Summer of the Archives

Have you ever scrolled through the many items in the North Carolina Digital Collections and discovered a hidden treasure? Each week this summer we will highlight an item from our collection in the hopes of inspiring you to discover new-to-you materials in our digital collections.

Cucumber Harvester, Grants #41 and #109 (Call no.: Econ. Devel. RG. Sci. & Tech. Devel. Section, Sci. & Tech. Research Cntr.: Photo File)

Cucumber Harvester, Grants #41 and #109 (Call no.: Econ. Devel. RG. Sci. & Tech. Devel. Section, Sci. & Tech. Research Cntr.: Photo File)

For those of us who like to eat our vegetables, summertime means delicious, fresh produce! And North Carolina, with its abundant farmland, is a fine place to be! This image, from our brand new Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Digital Collection, is one of several photos that show how old agricultural practices can be improved upon with technology to produce greater yields with less labor. The cucumber harvester in this photograph was developed between 1964 and 1966 by the North Carolina Pickle Producers Association and the N.C. State Agricultural Engineering Department with a grant from the North Carolina Board of Science and Technology, and then manufactured by the Aeroglide Corporation of Raleigh in 1967. Peter J. Chenery, then Director of the N.C. Board of Science and Technology, describes the project on pages 4-6 of a speech he presented on September 19, 1968, at the Conference on Science, Technology, and State Government:

“The difficult problem which had to be solved with this machine was due to the fact that all of the cucumbers don’t ripen at the same time. In order to harvest the full crop, it is necessary to go back to the field four, five, or six times at intervals of several days to pick cucumbers as they mature and reach the proper size. Thus the machine cannot pull up the cucumber vines but must leave them in place. As you see, the machine has passed over the row, harvested most of the ripe cucumbers and left the vines growing to be harvested again…

“The Comparison between machine harvesting and manual picking indicates that one mechanical harvester… will do the work of between 20 and 25 men picking by hand.”

For more information on Agriculture in North Carolina check, out this list of articles at NCpedia.

For more information on Science, Technology, and Innovations in North Carolina, check out this list of articles at NCpedia.

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Digital Collection now available at NCDC!

A Bill to establish and incorporate a company for the purpose of cutting a navigable canal from Clubfoot Creek to Harlowe Creek and to repeal all acts heretofore passed relative thereto.

(Call no. GASR Nov 1795-Dec 1795, Box 1)

From the early days of its statehood to the modern era, North Carolina has been a hub for agricultural, industrial, technological, and ecological innovation in the southeastern United States.The curiosity, dedication, and inventive spirit of North Carolinians can be observed in the records left behind by farmers, industrialists, engineers, research scientists, inventors, educators, and statesmen. The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Digital Collection, part of North Carolina Digital Collections, is an attempt to highlight a representative sample of the holdings of the State Archives of North Carolina related to the STEM fields.

Sanitary Survey: Salisbury Waterworks

(Call no. Health Srvc. RG. Health Srvc. Lab. Section: Sanitary (Engineering) Survey Files)

The STEM Digital Collection at NCDC is not meant to be exhaustive, but by making a portion of this material available, we hope to broaden the perception of the kinds of materials held in archives, and to spark greater interest in the use of primary sources for studying the history of science and technology.

These records provide users with a view not only of how scientific practices, research methods, and theories change over time, but also the complications involved with experimentation and modernization. Additionally, these records demonstrate the interplay between science and society, particularly with respect to agriculture, public works projects, public health campaigns, and economic development.

Rural Electrification Survey Report by W. McC. Neale

(Call no. Rural Electrification Authority RG, Letters and Info. — 1934 Survey)

To create this digital collection, we have drawn material from over 50 records series and collections held by the State Archives of North Carolina including: State Agency Records, Private Collections, Photograph Collections, Organization Records, General Assembly Records, and Map Collections.

North Carolina Sanitary District Chart for Hookworm Disease

(Call no. Health Srvc. RG., Health Srvc. Lab. Section: Hookworm Disease Survey and

The first of three installments of the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Digital Collection is now available, and includes items from the following records collections:

  • Agricultural Society of North Carolina Paper (Call no.: ORG.2)
  • Agriculture Record Group. Entomology Division: Correspondence and Reports (MARS Id: 7.26 (Series)
  • Board of Science and Technology Record Group. Scientific Equipment File (MARS Id: 124.2 (Series))
  • Dorothea Dix School of Nursing Related Papers (Call no.: ORG.140)
  • Economic Development Record Group. Science and Technology Development Section, Science and Technology Research Center: Photograph File. (MARS Id: 44.19 (Series))
  • Economic Development Record Group. Science and Technology Development Section, Science and Technology Research Center: Subject File. (MARS Id: 44.21 (Series))
  • General Assembly Record Group. Session Records (MARS Id: 66.8 (Series))
  • State Board of Education Record Group. Swamp Lands Records (MARS Id: 1.1 (Series))
  • Health Services Record Group. Health Services Laboratory Section: Hookworm Disease Survey and Correspondence (MARS Id: 93.14 (Series))
  • Health Services Record Group. Health Services Laboratory Section: Sanitary (Engineering) Surveys File (MARS Id: 13 (Series))
  • Raleigh and Quarry Experimental Railroad Minutes (Call no.: G.O.151)
  • Rural Electrification Authority Record Group. County Survey File (MARS Id: 50.7 (Series))
  • Rural Electrification Authority Record Group. Letters and Information — 1934 Survey (MARS Id: 50.12 (Series))
  • Rural Electrification Authority Record Group. Requests for Electric Service (MARS Id: 50.9 (Series))
Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory, TUNL, at Duke University

(Call no. Econ. Devel. RG. Sci. and Tech. Devel. Section, Sci. and Tech. Research Cntr.: Photograph File)

To search for additional STEM resources at the State Archives of North Carolina, visit our MARS online catalog.

Promotional brochure from The Dorothea Dix School of Nursing

(Call no. ORG.140)

To learn more about Science, Technology, and Innovation in North Carolina, check out this list of articles that can be found at NCpedia.

To learn more about Scientists and Inventors in North Carolina, check out this list of biographies that can be found at NCpedia.

New Finding Aids Online

New finding aids are now available for the following collections:

Audio Visual Materials:

Bracey, Marcus Donald, Photograph Collection, circa 1916-1919
The photographs in the Marcus Donald Bracey collection depict part of the Yadkin Falls Development project on the Yadkin River from 1915-1919 which included the construction of two dams; Narrows Dam, and further downstream, Falls Dam. This collection contains eighty-two (82) gelatin silver photographs and two small log books. The photographs range in size from 1”x1.5” to 8”x10” with the bulk of the collection measuring 3.5”x4.5”. The photographs depict scenes from the Yadkin Falls Development project on the Yadkin River in Stanly and Montgomery county, North Carolina from 1915-1919. It is believed that these photographs were created by an employee of either the builder of the dam, Hardaway Construction Company, or Alcoa. The photographs are shot in a documentary style with focus on work progress, equipment, site characteristics, and damage caused by natural disaster. Subject matter mainly includes construction scenes depicting work on the Falls Dam and the Narrows dam, the first two of the four dams built in the area. The aftermath of the 1916 Flood is represented in seven 3.5”x4.5” photographs depicting the damage caused to the Narrows Dam construction site. Also included are photographs depicting a train derailment, landscape photographs depicting the area around the site, photographs depicting the aluminum smelting plant, and several exterior photographs of the living quarters of workers. (84 items)

Military Collection:

World War II Posters, 1940-1946 (PDF)
This collection contains 354 posters which illustrate many aspects of the United States’ involvement in World War II. The collection is arranged thematically into fourteen series. The majority of the posters were created or distributed by state or national organizations, including the Office of War Information. The posters serve a variety of functions, but primarily they encourage viewers to support the war effort by enlisting in the armed forces, conserving food and other resources, purchasing war bonds, participating in service and relief organizations, and promoting patriotism.

Private Collections:

Fort Caswell Papers, 1909-1912; 1917-1919, Bulk, 1917-1918 (pdf)
Fort Caswell, located on Oak Island, Brunswick County, was occupied by various branches of the U.S. armed forces for much of the period, 1836-1945. The U.S. Army built a full military reservation on the site between the 1890s and early 1900s. By 1916 the fort had been rebuilt and was considered an important east coast military post during World War I. It was sold in 1923, but reacquired and put into service until the end of World War II. These are the working files relating to construction and maintenance of the cantonment and post. The collection consists of the Quartermaster files for construction, 1917-1919; and a few papers from the District Artillery Engineer’s files, 1909-1912. (1 box)

Keeter Family Papers, 1834-1941 (pdf)
James Keeter (ca. 1791-1834) was the son of Henry and Mary Elizabeth Cookesy Keeter. Land granted in 1799 to James’s grandfather, also James, was situated along the waters of Catheys Creek, north central Rutherford County. Other family members made their homes there in subsequent decades and on into the 20th century. Descendants included John Calvin Keeter (1825-1906), his son, Charles Frank Keeter (1864-1945). Many of the papers reflect the family’s land, financial, estate matters; its few letters hint of political involvements and suggest ongoing contact with Keeter family who had migrated to Arkansas. Account books, apparently maintained by John Calvin Keeter and his son Charles Frank, provide more than a glimpse of a segment of the community in north central Rutherford County. John’s work as a wheelright, blacksmith, postmaster, and merchant supported the community’s day-to-day life, and the records tell part of the story. Two journals from the early 20th century hold southern recipes and spiritual poems written down perhaps by Emeline, wife of J.C. Keeter, and by Linette, wife of Frank Keeter. (2.0 boxes, includes one oversize manuscript box.)

Slave Bill of Sale of Jim, a Boy, Mecklenburg County, 1847 (pdf)
Jim was born in slavery circa 1840, and was sold at a young age in a transaction between two residents of Mecklenburg County. Possibly his surname after emancipation or after the Civil War was Johnston or Sloan. This handwritten slave bill of sale transferred ownership of a boy named Jim from Samuel Johnston to E.B.D Sloan, possibly Edward Brice Dobbs Sloan, on 11 December 1847 for five hundred dollars. (1 folder)

Slave Collection, 1748-1922 (pdf)
This is a collection created over time by the State Archives’s staff, consisting of original and photcopied documents relating to slavery in North Carolina, as late as 1862. Consists of original items such as bills of sales, deeds of gift, account of hire of slaves, and also photcopied items (with some enclosures), including bills of sale, deed of emancipation, commitment, court papers, petitions, certification, claims, letters, depositions, and slave births. Includes a manuscript letter of 2 February 1843 written by a friend of John Brown, Augustus Wattles of Ohio (abolitionsist and educator), to William Smith, Michigan, alias for David, a fugitive slave who had belonged to Presley Nelms of Anson County, North Carolina. Additionally, there are three copies of published accounts, each recollections of slavery days. (2 boxes)

Slave Receipts/Bills of Sale, Catey and Children, Cloey [Chloe], a Girl, and Frank, May 4, 1853 and March 5, 1862 (pdf)
Two receipts, one for sale of Catey, and her three children, Mary, Richard, and Sally (Wilmington, N.C. 1853), and the other for sale of Cloey [Chloe], a girl of about 10, and exchange of Frank, age 40 (unknown place, 1862).The first was issued by Ansley Davis to Speir/Spier Walters, both possibly of Robeson County; the second issued by J.B. Hardee to J.A. Thompson, locale uncertain, but possibly, Columbus County, N.C., and/ or Brunswick County, N.C., Horry County, S.C. Though the receipts are from one donor, they are apparently not related. These receipts functioned as bills of sale, with the first transaction in the amount of $1,000, and the second transaction representing an exchange, with payment of an additional $58.75, for Frank.(1 box)

Thornton, William E., Papers, 1950-2009 (pdf)
Dr. William Edgar Thornton was born in 1929 in Faison, North Carolina. After receiving a BS in physics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel, he was commissioned in the U.S. Air Force where he helped develop air-to-air missile combat radar systems for fighter pilots. Thornton helped organize and then directed Del Mar Engineering’s avionics division. He then went to medical school, again at University of North Carolina. Dr. Thornton then rejoined the Air Force to pursue research in aerospace medicine, and continued that work with NASA where he served on Skylab missions and as a mission specialist on two space shuttle missions aboard the Challenger. The papers consist of materials created by or collected by Dr. William E. Thornton during his career in U.S. Air Force, Del Mar Avionics, medical school, and at NASA. These records concern Dr. Thornton’s interests and professional work. Materials include his work developing the Radar Optical Firing Error Indicator for the Air Force to train fighter pilots in air-to-air missile combat. They also include his research in medical subjects like telemetry, cardiography, nuclear magnetic resonance, and aerospace exercise. Dr. Thornton’s medical interests continued from his studies in medical school all the to the end of his career with NASA as he investigated aspects of these subjects in aerospace medicine. The collection is made up of correspondence, research, patent paperwork, news clippings, photographic prints and negatives, and film footage of early test projects, with the dates ranging from 1950 to 2009. (14.0 cubic feet)

Whitfield, Snipes, and Hastings Family Papers, 1850-1986 (Bulk, 1920-1986) (pdf)
Families represented had roots during the 18th and 19th centuries in Caswell and Person counties, but some moved in subsequent generations to nearby Guilford and Durham counties. Most focus is on Hazel Mary Snipes Hastings (1924-2001), apparently the first in her family to attend college, and her life and her family’s intertwined lives as revealed through the long run of letters home to her mother, Rosa Elizabeth Whitfield Snipes Durpree (1897-1989). Papers contain a birth and death record created in the years before 1862 of the Asa and Jane Johnson Fuller family, Person County, written on pages sown into a rebound (cloth and cardboard) almanac. Letters of particular interest were those written during the Great Depression, and those from Hazel Mary Snipes Hastings to her mother during her student days at Mars Hill Junior College, and subsequently while enrolled in the Watts School of Nursing, Durham.Includes a small quantity of photographs and other material, and family letters that extend to 1986. (3 boxes)

State Agency Records:

Revenue, Department of, Secretary and Deputy Secretary’s Office: Subject Files, 1940-1983, Bulk, 1955-1980 (pdf)
Correspondence, memoranda, newsletters, legal materials, fiscal records, federal and state taxation documents, publications, news clippings, other states’ taxation materials, information pertaining to tax administrator organizations as created or accumulated by the department, corporate tax case files, and other administrative documents. (16.0 cubic feet/48 fibredex boxes)

From Theory to Practice: A Summer Internship at the State Archives of North Carolina

[This blog post was written by Callie Davis, a summer intern from Meredith College.]

As a Public History minor at Meredith College, I decided to intern at the State Archives in the Digital Service Section. I wanted to learn more about how to apply public history outside of school, as well as learn more about the job duties of an archivist. I was assigned the task to start working on a science & technology digital collection using collections from the State Archives. I was very excited to begin work on this collection not only because of being a history major, but I am also getting a degree in the sciences field.

To start this project, I began researching public health, medicine and medical technology, aviation, and patents that were developed in North Carolina or by North Carolinians. I used these key subjects to look for items in the Manuscript and Archives References System (MARS) online catalog, the Guide to Private Manuscript Collections in the North Carolina State Archives, and other resources such as Private Collection or State Agency finding aids to find items that fit the scope of the science & technology digital collection. Once collections were identified and researched, I tagged each item that I found useful from the collections so it could be easily found and scanned later. I also created a spreadsheet that included detailed descriptions of each collection and items for future employees or volunteers working on the collection.

photograph is of William E. Thornton conducting research on the Challenger Space Shuttle

This photograph is of William E. Thornton conducting research on the Challenger space shuttle. During his time on the Challenger, he continued working on his studies of changes in the human body while in space. This image is from collection PC.2054.

I have complied various documents and photographs from the mid-1800s to the 1990s that range from photos of Carbine Williams with his M-1 Carbine, documentation on the North Carolina Hookworm campaign, patents of inventions dealing with radio, space equipment, farm machinery, equipment for textile mill, papers from the Bensen Aircraft’s gyro-glider, and William Thornton’s work with NASA. After finishing the research and tagging documents, I have been able to start the scanning process. The documents and pictures that will go in this collection must all be scanned. Information about items in this soon to be digital collection must also be written and put into the digital collections software to assist people who want to know more about the collection.

I have also had the opportunity to work on the 1901 Confederate Pension digital collection project. This semester, my honors thesis at Meredith College will be focusing on amputations during the American Civil War, and being able to assist with this side project has been fun since I enjoy learning more about the Civil War.

Being an intern at the archives has been one of the best opportunities and experiences of my college career. I have learned more about North Carolina history, which has complemented my passion in science and healthcare. I learned that you do not just have to be interested in public history to volunteer at the archives. I think it is important to be involved in your state’s history, and I have learned so much about North Carolina’s contributions through this volunteering experience.

Former Scientist-Astronaut Dr. William E. Thornton donates papers to the State Archives of North Carolina

[This blog post comes from Special Projects Archivist Ken Dasher.]

Dr. William Thornton recently donated his papers to the State Archives as a new private collection designated PC.2054.  Dr. Thornton grew up in the small town of Faison, North Carolina where he became interested in radio and electronics.  He majored in physics at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  Upon graduation, William Thornton was commissioned as an officer in the Air Force where he helped develop the radar intercept systems used in air-to-air combat.  While serving in the Air Force, William Thornton developed a professional relationship with Del Mar Avionics that would continue throughout his career in the military and at NASA.  Del Mar Avionics has graciously provided grant funds to the Archives to prepare Dr. Thornton’s papers for research.

By the mid-1960s, William Thornton decided to pursue another of his interests—medicine, particularly bringing electronics into the field.  While still in medical school at the University of North Carolina, he began developing the first computer to read EKG telemetry.  After graduating, Dr. Thornton went back into the Air Force where he began work in space medicine.  Dr. Thornton joined NASA in 1967 and served on the astronaut support crew for the Skylab 2, 3, and 4 missions.  Dr. Thornton was a principal investigator for Skylab experiments in mass measurement, anthropometrics, and physical conditioning.  Dr. Thornton is a veteran of two spaceflights, STS-8 in 1983 and STS-51B in 1985, both on board the Challenger space shuttle.  After these missions, Dr. Thornton continued his work in space medicine, working on problems relative to extending mission durations.

On October 4 and 5, 2012 Dr. Thornton met with Kenneth Dasher to explain the technical aspects of his papers.  The papers housed at the State Archives cover Dr. Thornton’s professional career.  Dr. Thornton showed Mr. Dasher how to read radar imagery in relation to its matching optical photographs.  He also explained the purpose and outcomes of his pursuits in space medicine.  Dr. Thornton’s papers consist of photographs, film, papers, and patents relating to his work with the Air Force and NASA as well as his work during medical school.  Mr. Dasher was grateful for the opportunity to learn from Dr. Thornton so that his professional papers could be properly arranged and described into a finding aid for research.

Records Move: Revenue, Secretary of State, and Water and Air Resources

It’s time for the next of our continuing series on the records now available on Saturdays; today’s post includes an assortment of units in the departments of Revenue, Secretary of State, and Water and Air Resources. The complete list of all the materials moved and now available on Saturdays is online as a PDF, but I’m breaking down the list into a series of blog posts.

If you want to read the longer, more complete histories for these departments and divisions, you can do so in our online catalog MARS. It will likely take us a while to change the location codes in MARS and our other finding aids so we ask you to please be patient with us on that score.

Revenue, Dept. of; Tax Research Division, 1929-1934

Prior to the establishment of the Department of Revenue, the administration of North Carolina tax law was dispersed among several state agencies. The state auditor, state Treasurer, secretary of state, commissioner of insurance, State Tax Commission, and clerks of the superior courts each had responsibilities in the listing, assessing, equalization, and collection of various taxes levied by the state.

A constitutional amendment revising the state income tax was enacted in 1919 and passed by popular vote on 2 November 1920. The State Tax Commission was initially charged with administering the new tax, but the enormity of this task added impetus to the effort to create a single agency responsible for North Carolina tax law. In March 1921 the General Assembly established the North Carolina Department of Revenue, headed by a commissioner and assisted by additional clerical staff. The first commissioner of revenue was to be appointed by the governor, with the consent of the state Senate, and serve until 1924. Succeeding commissioners were to be elected every four years.

Major revenue-related responsibilities of the state were grouped under this agency, including the general administration of state tax law, assessments, enforcement, and tax collection. Duties involving the collection of inheritance taxes and franchise and corporation tax assessments were transferred from the State Tax Commission to the department, and the agency became responsible for the administration of the state income tax.

Prior to the establishment of the Department of Revenue, the General Assembly adopted revenue acts each biennium, instructing the various revenue-related agencies of state government to collect appropriate taxes and fees. With the creation of the department in 1921, biennial revenue acts specified in detail the taxes and fees to be levied by that agency. A permanent revenue act was enacted in 1939, and, with amendments, remained in effect until 1989. Kinds of taxes included the inheritance tax, gift tax, license tax, beverage tax, franchise tax, gross earnings tax, intangible property tax, state income tax, sales tax, compensation rise tax, and motor fuels tax.

In 1941 the General Assembly authorized the separation of the statistical and research unit of the Department of Revenue from that agency and its designation as a separate state Department of Tax Research. The governor was granted the right to establish the department, which he did on 1 July 1942. In 1953 the legislature confirmed the independence of the Department of Tax Research as a separate state agency, although it continued to receive funding through and office space from the Department of Revenue. The Advisory Budget Commission was empowered to call upon the Department of Tax Research for amendments and recommendations for changes in the state’s tax laws, which proposals were to be presented to the General Assembly for action. The Executive Organization Acts of 1971 and 1973 transferred the Department of Tax Research back to the Department of Revenue, which assumed all its functions and duties.

Secretary of State, Dept. of; Annual Reports of Licensing Boards, 1956-1977, 1979, 1981

The office of secretary has existed from the time of the earliest organized government in North Carolina. The lords proprietors in 1663 ordered the creation of such an office, its holder to be appointed by themselves. After the crown re-purchased Carolina from the proprietors in 1729, the provincial secretary was appointed directly by the crown. With the coming of statehood, the Constitution of 1776 directed that he be appointed triennially by the General Assembly. A constitutional amendment of 1835 changed the triennial appointment to a biennial one. Under the Constitution of 1868 the office was made popularly elective for a four-year term, a provision that remains in effect under the present state constitution.

The Annual Reports of Licensing Boards file includes annual reports of various licensing boards and correspondence concerning the reports. May also include rosters, registers, or lists of the boards’ licensees, as well as some reports from a few independent regulatory commissions. Grouped by transferred years, then alphabetical by board, then chronological. Some of the boards included are: Alcohol Control, Certified Public Accountant Examiners, Contractors, Dental Examiners, Medical Examiners, Optometry, Pharmacy, Physical Therapists, Plumbing and Heating Contractors, Podiatry Examiners, Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors, Refrigeration Examiners, Well Water Contract Examiners, Library Certification Board, Architecture, Real Estate Licensing Board, etc.

Secretary of State, Dept of; Rules and Regulations of State Agencies, 1942-1979

Reports and information from state agencies related to regulations and rules of agencies, independent regulatory commissions, and occupational licensing boards. In chronological increments of transfer, then alphabetical by agency. This function is now handled by the Office of Administrative Hearings. The rules and regulations dated after 1976 are maintained by that agency. (See RS.No. 3680).

Water and Air Resources, Dept. of, 1944-1959

In 1927 a State Stream Sanitation and Conservation Committee, as an arm of the State Board of Health, was formed to organize and direct the state’s first stream studies. Although composed of the heads and the chief engineers of the State Board of Health and the Department of Conservation and Development, the committee received scant legislative funding for activities during its first two decades. In 1945 the General Assembly formally mandated that the State Stream Sanitation and Conservation Committee would study and report on pollution in all the state’s streams. As a result of the committee’s work, the General Assembly appropriated minimum funds in 1947 for a pollution-control program. That same year Congress enacted the nation’s first Water Pollution Control Act, the basis for present-day state and federal cooperative programs.

In 1951 the General Assembly ratified the State Stream Sanitation Act, creating the renamed State Stream Sanitation Committee as an autonomous body with the State Board of Health and requiring that streams and river basins be classified and pollution control standards adopted. The act also established a set of enforcement provisions, providing a framework and legal basis for the state’s current program of water pollution control.

In 1955 the General Assembly established a Board of Water Commissioners to maintain an inventory of the state’s water resources and to conduct a program of education, planning, and research in long-range water conservation and usage. Additionally, the board was empowered to direct the allocation of water under emergency conditions. Composed of seven gubernatorial appointees, the board was to include at least one member representing each of the following interests: agriculture, municipalities, the electric power industry, and other industries. The director of the Department of Conservation and Development and the executive secretary of the State Stream Sanitation Committee were to serve ex officio on the board’s sixteen-member Advisory Committee.

In 1957 the General Assembly proposed that a state agency study the state’s water resources and advise the governor and legislature as to the laws, policies, and administrative organization needed to coordinate more effectively the state’s ongoing water research activities and utilize its water resources. Under the Department of Water Resources Act of 1959, the General Assembly established an agency to coordinate the state’s activities in order to make improvements in the methods of conserving, developing, and using water resources. The new agency was placed under the direction of a Board of Water Resources consisting of seven members appointed by the governor. Following completion of staggered terms by initial appointees, tenures were for six years. Subject to the governor’s approval, the director of the department was appointed by the board.

Under its enabling legislation, the Department of Water Resources absorbed the previous duties and functions of the Water Resources Division of the Department of Conservation and Development. Additionally, the board was directed to organize the new department into two or more units, including the Navigable Ways Division and the Water Pollution Control Division. The State Stream Sanitation Committee and its programs from the State Board of Health were moved into the latter division.

In 1967 the General Assembly enacted the Water and Air Resources Act, revising the State Stream Sanitation Act of 1951 and replacing the Department of Water Resources with the Department of Water and Air Resources. Authority for this program was to be vested in a Board of Water and Air Resources whose terms of office and power to appoint a director were identical to its predecessor. However, the new board of gubernatorial appointees was enlarged to thirteen members, including eleven members who had served on the former board and the State Stream Sanitation Committee, which was renamed the Pollution Control Committee. Under terms of the act, the board was charged with establishing standards of water and air purity and coordinating policies with other jurisdictions concerned with pollution abatement and control. The board was authorized to organize the department into the following units based on function: water pollution control, air pollution, ground water, and navigable waterways.

Under the Executive Organization Act of 1971 the Department and Board of Water and Air Resources were transferred to the newly formed Department of Natural and Economic Resources, an umbrella agency directed by a cabinet-level secretary appointed by the governor.

Includes: Correspondence; general reports; Hurricane Rehabilitation correspondence; central files: water pollution control – industrial plant sites (proposed), county correspondence, correspondence of the Hydrologic Engineers, water analysis reports, chemical water analysis, salinity data, mineral reports, United States Army Corps of Engineers’ reports, climatological reports and summaries, and surveys of Rivers, Dams, and Creeks; Waterways and Seashore Division subject files; Coastal studies; Director’s Offices files; and other records.