Author Archives: Olivia

New Digital Collection: Future Homemakers of America Association

The records of the North Carolina Future Homemakers Association, part of the Division of Vocational Education, Department of Public Instruction, are now available online.


Future Homemakers of America and New Homemakers of America associations officially began in 1945, focusing on education in family and consumer sciences. The associations were based in schools, known as chapters, which were supported by teachers known as advisors. Future Homemakers of America and New Homemakers of America were separate associations based on race, though guided by the same parent agency. The two associations merged in 1965 when school segregation ended.

The Future Homemakers of America North Carolina Association digital collection has materials from 1929 to 1984. The collection consists primarily of photographs and administrative records, including local chapter materials, handbooks, correspondence, and more.

Finding Aids in DOC

With the launch of the State Archives of North Carolina’s new catalog system, Discover Online Catalog (DOC), there will be a new way to access the Archives’ finding aids and they will also have a brand new look.

There are two ways you can access the finding aids in DOC. The first option: when you have located a catalog record, if there is a finding aid available, there will be a link “view finding aid” under the record summary. This will open the finding aid in a new tab.

DOC Search Result

DOC Search Result

The second option: after clicking on the catalog record, if there is a finding aid available, there will be a button labeled, “Finding Aid” on the right side of the window which you can click on to open the finding aid in a new tab.

DOC Bibliographic Record

DOC Bibliographic Record



Finding Aid in DOC

Please note that not every collection will have a finding aid available. However, the finding aid only re-formats data that is already in our catalog system. The catalog records and the finding aids are the same information just displayed in different ways. So even if the collection you are looking at in the catalog doesn’t have a finding aid, you can still be assured that what you are looking at is the most up-to-date information we have available.

Additionally, the new look of our finding aids is still under construction, and there might be some quirks in how information is displayed. If you are concerned that the information the finding aid is displaying is inaccurate, please consult the catalog record or contact a reference archivist for further assistance. We appreciate your understanding and patience during this time.

More information on how to navigate our new catalog system will be coming soon, stay tuned!

D-Day Veterans Oral History Additions

In commemoration of World War II’s D-Day 75th anniversary, the State Archives of North Carolina has digitized 25 military veterans’ oral histories and made them available through Internet Archive. Access to the oral histories is also available through North Carolina Digital Collections Veterans Oral History collection.

The veterans listed below all participated in D-Day, whether through land, sea, or logistics. For more information on each veteran, check out NC Stories of Service, where Military Archivist Matthew Peek has been providing in-depth histories of the D-Day veterans.

Walter G. Atkinson Jr., Interview, 2000-02-24 [MilColl OH 32]
Duncan C. Blue Interview, 2009-08-12 [MilColl OH 85]
Heath H. Carriker Interview, 2009-11 [MilColl OH 152]
Thomas E. Carson Jr. Interview, 1999-10-12 [MilColl OH 157]
Hugh B. Cherry Interview, 2006-11-14 [MilColl OH 171]
John C. Clark Interview, 1997-12-04 [MilColl OH 178]
Douglas F. Dickerson Interview, 1999-12-20 [MilColl OH 228]
Willie R. Etheridge Jr. Interview, 2001-10-20 [MilColl OH 268]
James E. Ferrell Interview, 2001-09-08 [MilColl OH 281]
Aaron E. Fussell Sr. Interview, 2010-07-07 [MilColl OH 301]
Grady R. Galloway Interview, 1998-03-25 [MilColl OH 304]
Herman T. Harden Jr. Interview, 1998-11 [MilColl OH 358]
Willie J. King Interview, 2010-01-29 [MilColl OH 470]
James O. Lawson Interview, 2002-06-13 [MilColl OH 502]
Charles H. Outlaw Interview, 2013-08-07 [MilColl OH 646]
Ward R. Robinson Interview, 2003-08-23 [MilColl OH 724]
Robert W. Ryals Sr. Interview, 2010-01-27 [MilColl OH 738]
Ralph R. Todd Interview, 2008-04-08 [MilColl OH 873]
Earl H. Tyndall Jr. Interview, 1999-12-10 [MilColl OH 886]
Earl R. Weatherly Interview, 2006-07-06 [MilColl OH 910]
Ellis W. Williamson Interview, 1999-08-06 [MilColl OH 940]
Jeremiah Wolfe Interview, 2009-08-15 [MilColl OH 948]
Harold L. Frank Interview, 2006-12 [MilColl OH 975]
Howard B. Greene Interview, 2014-08-09 [MilColl OH 1015]
Clarence A. Call Interview, 2006-12-04 [MilColl OH 977]

New Additions to African American Education Digital Collection, part 2

[This post was written by Anna Spencer, summer intern at the Digital Access Branch.]


Photograph of doctors attending a conference held by the Division of Cooperation in Education and Race Relations

The correspondence of the Director of the Division of Cooperation in Education and Race Relations is a 4-box series housed under the Division of Negro Education. Nathan Carter Newbold served as the director during the division’s existence. The division worked to spread positive information about the lives and history of African Americans. Materials include letters, reports, speeches and meeting minutes about improving race relations and increasing educational opportunities for African Americans. The division arranged conferences and guest speakers to provide information about race relations and African American history to white colleges and universities. Newbold also laid out the plans for the Division of Negro Education and served as the Director of the Division until his retirement. Of special note is the project between the State Department of Public Instruction, The University of North Carolina, and Duke University. These organizations worked together to create a book of biographies about influential and important African American North Carolinians. Although the book is not part of the series, plans and interviews are included in some letters.

The Files of the State Supervisor of Elementary Education is an 8-box series housed under the Division of Negro Education. The State Supervisor of Elementary Education travelled the state evaluating African American elementary schools, holding teaching clinics, conducting meetings, and evaluating curriculum. The State Supervisor of Elementary Education was also responsible for making recommendations for school accreditation. The series includes letters, reports, maps, statistics, meeting minutes, and speeches. Of special note is the information provided about the Jeanes program in North Carolina. The Jeanes Fund started as an endowment by Anna T. Jeanes, a Philadelphia Quaker, in 1907 to increase educational opportunities for African Americans. Over the following decades the mission of the Jeanes teachers shifted from providing job training to students to acting as supervisors at African American schools. The series contains documents about the National Jeanes Association, reports from Jeanes supervisors, and conference information.

New Additions to African American Education Digital Collection, part 1


“Memorial Services on the Passing of Mr. Julius Rosenwald”, page 17

As an ongoing project new items will be added to the African American Education Digital Collection on North Carolina Digital Collections site. These materials will be taken from the Division of Negro Education of the Department of Public Instruction record group. The selection of materials will include Speeches and Articles by Nathan Carter Newbold, the Director of the Division of Negro Education from 1920 to 1957; Division of Negro Education: Special Subject File from 1898 to 1961; and General Correspondence of the Director from 1907 to 1960.

Taken from the Department of Public Instruction finding aid: “In 1913, the State Department of Public Instruction appointed an Associate Supervisor of Rural Elementary Schools. The special duty of the supervisor was to promote Negro education. In 1917, his title was changed to State Agent for Negro Schools. As a result of the progress of this program, the Legislature in 1921 (Public Laws of 1921, chapter 146, section 17), created within the Department of Public Instruction a Division of Negro Education. This Division continued until November of 1959, when it temporarily was made a section of the newly-organized Division of Instructional Services. In June of 1960, the personnel of the former Division of Negro Education was absorbed into the various other sections of the Division of Instructional Services and the Division of Negro Education passed out of existence. In the first years of its existence, the Division of Negro Education undertook to promote the building of better schoolhouses, to provide better training tor and to supervise school teachers, to develop the normal schools, and to develop a state-wide system of Negro high schools. The salary of the State Agent for Negro Schools and later the Director of the Division of Negro Education was paid by the General Education Board until June 30, 1943, when the legislature appropriated funds for this purpose. Schoolhouse building was aided by the Julius Rosenwald Fund and teacher-training was supplemented by the Jeanes Foundation. In addition to these funds, financial assistance was received from the Slater Fund, the Phelps-Stokes Fund (it did not contribute through the Division), and finally the Southern Education Foundation. In 1934, the Department of Public Instruction, together with the University of North Carolina and Duke University, sponsored the Division of Cooperation in Education and Race Relations. The Director of the Division of Negro Education was also Director of this joint project until it W&B ended in 1946.”

The first selection of items, Speeches and Articles by N.C. Newbold, the Director of the


Pamphlet “Community School Plans”

Division of Negro Education, have been added to the African American Education Digital Collection. Articles and speeches by Newbold come from conferences and committees, they deal with negro education and include topics such as race relations, salaries, education opportunities, comparative information from different states, information on enrollment, number of graduates, and the output from teacher training programs. The items range from 1922 to 1948.

The second selection of materials are the Division of Negro Education: Special Subject Files, have been added to the African American Education Digital Collection. Special Subject Files include materials such as correspondence, reports, minutes, agendas, budgets, maps, photographs, etc. These materials relate to subjects such as the Jeanes Fund, the Rosenwald Fund, Slater Fund, school buildings, normal schools, and more.

More items will be added to the collection on a rolling basis. A list of items added to the collection by our summer intern will be posted next week.

Search Room Display Case Exhibit: Vault Collection

This month, the exhibit case in the search room features records from our Vault Collection. The Vault Collection is an artificial collection created by archivists from material taken from other collections. The collection was created to highlight and protect significant documents in the Archives holdings. Items moved into the Vault Collection are selected based on their rarity, value, and significance to the cultural history of North Carolina and the United States. Items range from North Carolina’s copy of the Bill of Rights, to the North Carolina Constitutional Reader used to assist in African-American voting, and items with historical figures signatures. Many items are available online in the Treasures and Federal and State Constitutional Materials digital collections on North Carolina Digital Collections website.

Commission, William D. Pender

Commission, January 10, 1855, of William D. Pender as second lieutenant in the Second Regiment of Artillery, United States Army, signed by President Franklin Pierce and Secretary of War Jefferson Davis. VC.12

The copies of items highlighted in the display case are listed below and available to view online.

“Appointment of Samuel Tredwell signed by George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, February 19, 1793” VC.15

This document is the appointment of Samuel Tredwell as Collector of Customs for the District of Edenton, including the port of Edenton (Port Roanoke). It was signed February 19, 1793 by George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, as Washington’s first Secretary of State. Born on Long Island, New York in 1763, Tredwell was the nephew of Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), who served as North Carolina’s governor (1787-1789), U.S. senator (1789-1793), and president of North Carolina’s second Constitutional Convention that adopted the federal Constitution in 1789. Tredwell was also the nephew of Hannah Johnston Iredell, married to James Iredell, Sr., future United States Supreme Court Justice.


“Wearin’ of the Grey written by Tar Heel” Page 1, VC.17

These three pages of sheet music, “Wearin’ of the Grey written by Tar Heel” were first printed in 1866. The attribution to “Tar Heel” is the first known use of the term in post-Civil War published works. The author, “Tar Heel” is obviously a pseudonym. Published in Baltimore by William C. Miller, the piece is arranged for the piano forte with voice and uses the same melody as the Irish tune, “Wearing of the Green.”


“Letter of Marque signed by John Hancock, 1776” VC.22

This Letter of Marque was issued by the Continental Congress on October 24, 1776, to James Powell, commander of the 3-ton schooner, Northampton. It is signed by John Hancock, president of the Congress. A letter of Marque and Reprisal commissioned a privately-owned vessel as a privateer in the service of its country. It granted to the commander the right during times of war to fit out with arms in order to plunder or to capture the enemy’s ships. Shortly after the outbreak of the American Revolution in April 1775, the Provincial Congress, forerunner of the Continental Congress, authorized the Colonies to “at your own expense, make such provisions by armed vessels for the protection of your harbors and navigation…”, thereby allowing the colonies to grant Letters of Marque to private ships. Without this protection, the commanders and crews of these ships would be treated as pirates if caught. By April of 1776, the Continental Congress issued its own commissions, including strict rules about prizes, prisoners, and reporting. Congress also required that one-third of the crew be landsmen-possibly to protect the fledgling navy from losing too many enlistees to privateering. When the bearers of the Letters of Marque sold their prizes, some of the profit went to Congress. During the Revolution, both sides freely commissioned privateers. Despite having a large public navy in place, Britain was thought to have employed almost as many such vessels as did the colonists.


“North Carolina Constitutional Reader, Being a Hand Book for Primary Use in One Part” VC. 25

A scarce African-American imprint by G. Ellis Harris, Principal of a school at Littleton, with the title: North Carolina Constitutional Reader, Being a Hand Book for Primary Use in One Part (Raleigh: Printing Office, St. Augustine’s School, 1903). The volume was designed to overcome the burden placed on African-American voters by the provisions of the Permanent Registration Act of 1901 (the “Grandfather Clause”) by enabling them to read and construe any part of the Constitution with which they might be confronted by poll officials; and, as such, it is an important piece of evidence of the African-American response to the Act.


“Albemarle County Papers, 1678-1714, undated” Page 78, VC.46.4

Document from Governor Thomas Cary’s administration, related to a meeting between North Carolina and the House of Burgesses, the colonial Virginia legislature, from 1708. At the time Lady Anne was Queen of England.


C.S.S. Shenandoah Log Book number one” Page 5, VC.50.1 [This item is located in the Civil War digital collection]

Log Book number one, of the C.S.S. Shenandoah, Chronicling the voyage of the C.S.S. Shenandoah between October 20, 1864 and July 22, 1865. The Shenandoah was commanded by James Iredell Waddell of North Carolina, and was one of the most famous “commerce raiders” commissioned by the Confederate navy to destroy northern merchant ships during the Civil War.




Charlotte School of Law

[This post was written by Gwen Mays, organization records archivist for the State Archives of North Carolina.]

The student records from the Charlotte School of Law are now in the custody of the State Archives.  Former students may request copies of their transcripts, please refer to the instructions on the archives website: