Monthly Archives: February 2014

North Carolina Historical Review Now Available in JSTOR

North Carolina Historical Review Covers

The first eighty-nine volumes (1924-2012) of the North Carolina Historical Review are now available online in JSTOR, the world’s largest online digital repository for academic journals.

[This press release comes from the Historical Publications Section of the Department of Cultural Resources.]

The first eighty-nine volumes (1924-2012) of the North Carolina Historical Review are now available online in JSTOR, the world’s largest online digital repository for academic journals. First published in the spring of 1924, the quarterly Review quickly established and maintains through today a reputation for scholarly excellence.

Now in its ninety-first year of publication by the Historical Publications Section of the Office of Archives and History, the North Carolina Historical Review has provided a forum for scholarship on North Carolina’s rich history for generations of students, historians, and the general population. Each issue of the Review contains a table of contents, several articles and essays, a selection of book reviews, and notes of historical interest. Since 1934, the April issue includes a bibliography of North Carolina books published in the previous year. Since 1979, the January issue includes a bibliography of recent theses and dissertations on North Carolina subjects. The October issue contains a cumulative index for all four issues in that volume.

Founded in 1995, JSTOR hosts complete runs of more than 1,900 scholarly journals. Through JSTOR, these journals are available for viewing and research in more than 8,400 libraries in more than 160 countries worldwide. Most public and academic libraries in the United States subscribe to JSTOR services and allow their patrons free access to the JSTOR databases. Individual researchers can subscribe to JSTOR’s “Register & Read” and JPASS programs to access JSTOR content on personal computers.

Approximately 356 issues of the North Carolina Historical Review are archived in JSTOR. One can conduct an online search of the contents of a specific issue, a range of issues, or the full run from 1924 through 2012. Each of the four 2013 issues will be added to the JSTOR database quarterly during 2014.


Staff Profile — Kurt Brenneman

Today we present Kurt Brenneman from the Government Records Section.

Tell us about your job.

One of seven Records Management Analysts, we assist state agencies and local governments with compliance with the public records laws of the State of North Carolina. We develop records retention and disposition schedules, present workshops, receive local government minutes for microfilming, and consult with government officials on records management issues.

What projects are you currently working on?

I am currently working on records retention and disposition schedule updating with state agencies; assisting the City of Charlotte with the microfilming of its digital minutes; and presenting a workshop on management of public records to state agency staff.

How long have you worked here?

5 months

Describe your educational or career background prior to working here.

I have a Bachelor’s degree in English from Temple University and a Master’s of Library Science from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

What aspects of your job do you enjoy the most?

I enjoy the consultative aspect of the job. We are a resource for state and local government officials and they often pose fascinating questions. I enjoy collaborating with my colleagues to arrive at answers to those questions!

What skills or traits do you think are needed to be successful at your job?            

Attention to detail, technology, patience, interest in state and local government, collaboration, logical thinking.

Is there an aspect of your job that you never thought you would end up doing?

Legal research, legal reading, and having to think about how statutes and regulations affect records management.

What work-related accomplishment are you most proud of?      

Presentation of our workshops to local government officials across the state.

Do you have a favorite set of records?   

Electronic minutes are fascinating because of the necessity of permanent preservation.

What’s the most interesting reference question you’ve been asked?              

While working in the Search Room, a client requested any court records about a bank robber who was very active in western North Carolina in the early 20th century.

What would you want people to know about our collections or services that may not be widely known?

I would like more North Carolina municipalities, particularly small towns, to be frequent users of our services.

Rosenwald Fund Papers Added to Digital Collection

We have just finished adding the Division of Negro Education: Correspondence of the Supervisor, Rosenwald Fund papers to our African American Education Collection. By 1932, when the construction grants ended 5,357 new school building had been built in 883 counties throughout the Southern states.

In the early 20th century the few African American Schools that could be found in the South were in serious disrepair. In 1912 Booker T. Washington, principal of the Tuskegee School approached Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears Roebuck & Company, to help with the financing of African American rural schools. The idea of a matching grant was the outcome of their collaboration. If the community could come up a contribution and the school board would agree to operate the facility, Rosenwald would contribute a cash amount, usually consisting of 1/5 the total cost of the project.

In 1919 Rosenwald placed the school building project under the Philanthropic foundation that he had founded in 1917, the Julius Rosenwald Foundation. He hired Samuel L. Smith an African America school agent from Tennessee to become the director of the fund in a newly established office in Nashville. By 1920 new requirements were in place to maintain standards for the site size, length of the school term, and interior furnishing requirements of the buildings. The grants were based on the number of teachers the school would have and would range between $500 and $2,100. African Americans still had to contribute cash and donations of labor and materials, and the fund emphasized that schools should receive contributions from “white friends,” but the largest source of funding was from county tax revenues. County school boards were required to give public support, take ownership of the new school, and commit to maintaining the school as part of their public school system.

School plans titled Community School Plans were prepared by Fletcher B. Dressler, professor of school hygiene and architecture at Nashville’s George Peabody College for Teachers, and Samuel L. Smith.

Image of Community School Plans

Community School Plans

Dressler and Smith were extremely particular in their specifications in these publications.  They specified things like the size of windows to be used and the color schemes for the outside and inside of the buildings. The interior furnishings also were specified, the classrooms were to have three walls of Blackboards and modern desks.

North Carolina, under the leadership of Nathan Carter Newbold, the states director of African American Education, had the highest number of these schools with 813 out of the 5,357 Rosenwald buildings built in the Southern States. This collection contains mainly the correspondence relating to the planning and construction of those buildings.

For more in-depth information on the Rosenwald Fund.

State Library

National Trust for Historic Preservation

For more information on what North Carolina is doing in the efforts to preserve these historically significant buildings please visit the North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office, A Survey of North Carolina’s Rosenwald Schools, A Public-Private Partnership for Historic Preservation.

North Carolina Newspapers Available Online Through Chronicling America

Newspapers from North Carolina are now available online through Chronicling America,  a joint project by the Library of Congress and the National Endowment for the Humanities to make available online United States newspapers published from 1836 – 1922.  The North Carolina newspapers were originally microfilmed by the Collections Management Branch of the  State Archives of North Carolina. The North Carolina Collection at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is currently managing the digitization of the newspapers from microfilm, quality control, and other aspects of the project.  The first 33,500 pages submitted by UNC to Chronicling America include newspapers from Asheville, Raleigh, Tarboro, Boone, and Charlotte and are available online here. An additional 66,500 pages are anticipated to be added in the near future.

Read more about this project at North Carolina Miscellany.

Winter Storm Reminder

A new round of snow and ice is predicted for parts of North Carolina from Tuesday through Thursday. Currently the State Archives is open and, unless the storm moves further north today than predicted, we expect to be open all of Tuesday. On Wednesday and Thursday we suggest that patrons planning to visit the Search Room call the main State Archives phone number (919-807-7310) before they come to verify that we have adequate staffing to allow us to remain open.

Prisoners of War and Other Civil War Lectures for 2014

Event poster for the February 10, 2014 Civil War lecture on Prisoners of War.

Event poster for the February 10, 2014 Civil War lecture on Prisoners of War.

The State Archives  Civil War Sesquicentennial Committee presents a lecture given by Bill Brown of the State Archives of North Carolina. The presentation will focus on the care and treatment of prisoners of war in both Union and Confederate prison camps.

When: February 10, 2014, 12 Noon – 1 Pm

Where: Auditorium of the Archives and Library Building, 109 East Jones Street, Raleigh, N.C.

Other 2nd Mondays Civil War lectures for 2014 include:

  • May 12, 2014: Peace Movement and William W. HoldenChris Meekins, State Archives – A survey of the peace movement in North Carolina during the American Civil War, and the involvement of William Woods Holden in the growth of the movement.
  • August 11, 2014: Blockade RunnersAndrew Duppstadt, State Historic Sites – An introduction to the development and use of blockade runners by the Confederate government and civilian companies to deliver material through the Union Naval blockade to Southern ports.
  • November 10, 2014: Rose Greenhow, Part IIDebbi Blake, State Archives – The second half of the lecture titled “A Thorn in the Union’s Side: Rose O’Neal Greenhow” will be given as a conclusion to the earlier presentation given on November 9, 2011. This lecture will follow Greenhow from her imprisonment to Europe, and her death while attempting to re-enter the Confederacy.