Hewitt A. Brown, Cain and Hinton, Greenlee Family Papers, and World War I Posters

Several new or newly updated finding aids have been added to our Private Collections finding aids page:

Brown, Hewitt A., Cumberland and Harnett County Collection (pdf)
Collection concerns some individuals and families (surnames include Johnson, McKethan, Kelly, Dickson, and Buie) who lived Cumberland County during the antebellum era; and some who lived in Harnett County (post-1855), after its formation from the northern portion of Cumberland. In contrast to the earlier era when farming the land was the chief occupation, the collection includes some material from the Gifford family, with members who had seen military service, from World War II on. Like many, they had strong connections, not only to family, but also to the U.S. Army installation of Fort Bragg, and eventually settled in the environs, in Harnett County. Papers include land grants; indentures; tax and other receipts; miscellaneous materials; and two slave bills of sale of a young boy named Gim, and a girl named Patsy. Apparently unrelated to these early families is a small quantity of additional material (photographs, negatives, certificates, etc.) concerning the Gifford family, whose members saw U.S. Army military service from World War II until circa 1980. (1 box)

Cain and Hinton Papers, 1801-1969 (pdf)
Dr. James Frederick Cain (1828-1904), was married in 1855 to Julia Elizabeth Tate (1833-1917), and they lived initially in Hillsborough. Cain inherited around 1857 his father’s country home in east Orange County (now Durham) and began to work on land that his family had owned since 1779. Known by the name Hardscrabble for conditions after the Civil War, the farm and house became home to their family of eight children, including Elizabeth Tate (Bessie), who married in 1881 Charles Lewis Hinton (1853-1930). Hinton was a grandson of the builder of Midway Plantation, Wake County. It was there that Bessie Cain and C. L. Hinton, brought up their children, including the youngest, Mary Hilliard Hinton (1869-1961). A main portion of the Cain family papers include letters written to Mrs. Cain by her children, grandchildren, and friends (1871-1898), with the earliest letters written by her brothers and father (1846-1866). The collection includes small groups of papers that are family related for the most part, but extraneous to the main body of family letters, such as a Civil War letter written to a kinswoman. Miscellaneous Cain papers include manuscripts of Mrs. Cain’s writings, bills, receipts, land-related papers, and an 1837 political circular of U.S. Rep. James Graham. The Hinton family papers include personal letters to Mary Hilliard Hinton from family and friends, 1892-1953, with widely scattered letters in many of the intervening years. Beyond personal and family topics, the issue of woman’s suffrage was discussed by a cousin regretful of Miss Hinton’s leadership in the state’s anti-suffrage forces. Other women correspondents sometimes discuss their interests, hopes, and disappointments. There are a few letters from Episcopal clergy, and one from a cousin, Edward C. Seawell, commenting on the Seawell house in Raleigh. Another segment of papers includes correspondence and miscellaneous material on several patriotic and hereditary societies, 1898-1964. There are also miscellaneous personal papers such as genealogy; photographs; a diary and a commonplace book; souvenirs and pictures from European tours; and an oversize box of material too large to be housed with the Cain and Hinton miscellaneous material, including horse handbills and pedigrees, 1803-1843; a justice of the peace docket of Orange County, N.C., circa 1823. (7 boxes)

Greenlee Family Papers, 1833-1899 (pdf)
The Greenlee family came to western North Carolina from Rockbridge County, Virginia. James Greenlee and his sister Grace were the first in the area. In addition to owning a large tract of land along the Catawba River in McDowell County, James possessed a wealth of land in Burke, Yancey, Mitchell, Buncombe, and Rutherford counties, as well as a large tract in Memphis, Tennessee. In addition to farming, he raised cattle and drove his livestock for sale in Philadelphia and Charleston. He held a variety of public offices and represented Burke County at Hillsborough, where the State Convention of 1788 considered ratification of the newly proposed federal Constitution. James Greenlee’s youngest son, David Washington, sought to amass a large plantation in McDowell County. Such endeavors were continued by son, Thomas Young Greenlee, who also served in public positions including county surveyor. These are the papers of three generations of the Greenlee family of Burke and McDowell County.The papers include a small amount of correspondence from some of the Greenlee family members, including Thomas Young Greenlee and his wife Margaret Logan, their son, John Logan, and Margaret’s parents, John and Rebecca Logan. Thomas Young served as executor of his father, David Washington Greenlee’s estate among others. Accordingly, estate records for David Washington are included along with bills and receipts for family members or acquaintances for which Thomas Young served as executor of their estates.The earliest records in this collection are land records beginning with a 1778 land grant in Burke County. In 1842 McDowell County was formed from Rutherford and Burke County. Prior to 1842 most of the land records are from Burke County; while after 1842 the majority of land records are from McDowell County.Thomas Young, a land surveyor for McDowell County, surveyed much of the mountains and surrounding counties; a small portion of related notes and records are included. The collection also includes sundry court records for various family members and acquaintances.  (3 boxes)

Idol-Welch Family Papers, 1823-1978 (pdf)
The Welch and the Idol families had established roots in Davidson County in the early 19th century or before, but the branches represented in these papers moved to Guilford County prior to the Civil War. There various members settled in or near High Point, a township laid out in 1853. The men were primarily farmers and carpenters, and several saw service in the war. First as a young woman and later as a wife and mother, Julia Welch received the majority of the letters represented in the collection, about twenty of thirty-eight. The papers are organized chronologically into the following series: Indentures, 1823-1879; Civil War Era Correspondence, 1861-1865; Post Civil War Era, Correspondence, 1866-1902; Idol and Welch Family History and Genealogical Materials, 1943-1978; and Reminiscences of Verta Idol Coe. The indentures and almost all of the letters are original; the series of family history and genealogical materials are photocopies; the last series is an audio recording (CD) converted from a cassette recording, 1981, and including recollections of Mrs. Coe (1891-1982), High Point area. (2 boxes, 2/3 cubic feet.)

A new finding aid has been added to the Military Collection finding aids page:

World War I Papers. Posters, ca. 1914 – ca. 1920 (pdf)
This collection contains 496 posters which illustrate both civilian and military viewpoints of World War I. The collection is arranged thematically into fifteen series. The first two series, the Fred V. Owen and T.S. Davidson posters, contain original drawings by local North Carolina artists. The posters in the remaining series are prints created by state or national organizations that feature the work of well-known artists such as James Montgomery Flagg, J.C. Leyendecker, and Howard Chandler Christy. The posters serve a variety of functions, but primarily they encourage viewers to support organizations, such as the Red Cross or the YMCA; to conserve resources, such as food and fuel; to contribute to the war effort, such as by purchasing bonds; or to enlist in the armed forces. Many of the posters contain patriotic symbols like Columbia, Uncle Sam, eagles, and the American flag. Images of soldiers, sailors, and marines, as well as, airplanes, ships, and tanks are also featured prominently. While the majority of posters contain positive images which invoke patriotism, service, and duty, others depict negative images of Kaiser Wilhelm and German soldiers as “Huns.”(64.0 oversize flat folders)